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The common exon 3 polymorphism of the growth hormone receptor gene and the effect of growth hormone therapy on growth in Korean patients with Turner syndrome.

Research paper by Jung Min JM Ko, Jae-Min JM Kim, Chong-Kun CK Cheon, Duk-Hee DH Kim, Dae-Yeol DY Lee, Woo Yeong WY Cheong, Eun Young EY Kim, Mi Jung MJ Park, Han-Wook HW Yoo

Indexed on: 18 Aug '09Published on: 18 Aug '09Published in: Clinical Endocrinology



Abstract

Recombinant human growth hormone (GH) can achieve final adult height gain in girls with Turner syndrome (TS), but its efficacy varies widely across individuals. The exon 3-deleted polymorphism of growth hormone receptor (d3-GHR) has been reported to be associated with responsiveness to GH therapy. The short-term growth response of Turner patients to GH therapy was analysed according to their GHR-exon 3 polymorphism genotype.This was a retrospective study of 175 TS patients. Auxological and endocrine parameters were measured, and the GHR-exon 3 genotype was analysed. Allelic frequencies of GHR-exon 3 genotype were compared between patients with TS and control individuals. GH had been administered to 147 patients, 115 of which remained pre-pubertal after the first follow-up year. Changes in height standard deviation score (SDS), height velocity (HV), body mass index (BMI), IGF-1 and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) concentrations were compared between these patients, grouped according to genotype, after the first follow-up year.There was no difference in GHR-exon 3 genotype frequency between the TS and control groups of Koreans. According to the GHR-exon 3 genotype (fl/fl group vs. d3/fl and d3/d3 group), HV gain and height SDS gain did not differ significantly at the first year of GH therapy. Moreover, changes in IGF-1, IGFBP-3 concentration and BMI showed no significant difference between the groups with and without d3-GHR after 1 year of GH therapy.The distribution of the GHR-exon 3 genotype was similar in the TS and control groups in a Korean population. The growth promotion efficacy of GH therapy did not differ significantly between TS patients with and without the d3-GHR allele. These findings indicate that the GHR-exon 3 genotype may not be a major factor to affect the GH response in Korean Turner patients.

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