The Cohen-Macaulay Property of Affine Semigroup Rings in Dimension 2

Research paper by Tony Se, Grant Serio

Indexed on: 18 Feb '16Published on: 18 Feb '16Published in: Mathematics - Commutative Algebra


Let $k$ be a field and $x,y$ indeterminates over $k$. Let $R=k[x^a,x^{p_1}y^{s_1},\ldots,x^{p_t}y^{s_t},y^b] \subseteq k[x,y]$. We calculate the Hilbert polynomial of $(x^a,y^b)$. The multiplicity of this ideal provides part of a criterion for the ring to be Cohen-Macaulay. Next, we prove a simple numerical criterion for $R$ to be Cohen-Macaulay in the case when $t=2$. We also provide a simple algorithm which identifies the monomial $k$-basis of $R/(x^a,y^b)$. Finally, these simple results are specialized to the case of projective monomial curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$.