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The chemical profile and pharmacodynamic properties of extracellular Wollea saccata biopolymer.

Research paper by Martina M Šutovská, Michaela M Kočmálová, Lenka L Pappová, Soňa S Fraňová, Andrej A Chyba, Jiří J Kopecký, Jaromír J Lukavský, Vladislav V Cepák, Peter P Capek

Indexed on: 23 May '17Published on: 23 May '17Published in: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules



Abstract

Microalgae organisms are of interest for many biotechnology applications due to the production of a wide range of biologically active compounds. Incubation of W. saccata in a large scale afforded a mucilaginous, high molecular weight biopolymer composed of carbohydrate, protein and phenolic compounds. Sugar moiety was rich in hexoses (60%) and 6-deoxyhexoses (31%), while only 9% of pentoses was identified. Methylation analysis revealed about 40 types of methylated sugar derivatives, suggesting a very complex structure of Wollea biopolymer. Pharmacological studies revealed new pharmacodynamic properties of cyanobacteria biopolymer, i.e. antitussive and bronchodilatory. Biopolymer was able to suppress the cough reflex induced by chemical tussigen, but its effect was lower than that of codeine, the strongest antitussive agent. The bronchodilatory effect was similar or higher than the effect of salbutamol, a bronchodilatory drug used in a clinical practice. In pharmacological studies, there were no signs of toxicity or side effects in the animals following administration of Wollea biopolymer.