Indexed on: 05 Dec '19Published on: 04 Dec '19Published in: Microbial Pathogenesis
Formation of biofilm is the major cause of Pseudomonas aeruginosa associated pathological manifestations in the urinary tract, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, skin, soft tissues etc. Triterpenoid group of compounds have shown their potential in reducing planktonic and biofilm form of bacteria. Sarcochlamys pulcherrima (Roxb.) Gaud. is an ethnomedicinal plant traditionally used for its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory property. In the present study two triterpenoids, have been isolated from this plant, characterised and evaluated for their antibacterial and antibiofilm potential against P. aeruginosa. Compounds were characterised as 2α, 3β, 19α-trihydroxy-urs-12-ene-28-oic acid (Tormentic acid) and 2α, 3β, 23-trihydroxyurs-12-ene-28-oic acid (23-hydroxycorosolic acid) through spectroscopic studies viz. infrared (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectroscopy (MS). Depolarization of bacterial membrane and zone of inhibition studies revealed that both the compounds inhibited the growth of planktonic bacteria. Compounds were also found to inhibit the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilm. Inhibition of biofilm found to be mediated through suppressed secretion of pyoverdin, protease and swarming motility of P. aeruginosa. Gene expression study, in silico binding analysis, in vivo bacterial load and tissue histology observations also supported the antibiofilm activity of both the compounds. In vitro and in vivo study showed that both compounds were non-toxic. The study has explored the antibacterial and antibiofilm effect of two triterpenes isolated for the first time from S. pulcherrima. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.