Indexed on: 01 Sep '96Published on: 01 Sep '96Published in: Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Glutamate (Glu) neurotoxicity is an important element of a number of neurological disorders including central nervous system (CNS) ischemia. We evaluated the effects of the novel AMPA Glu antagonist LY293558 on functional neurological outcome in two rabbit stroke models. In the reversible spinal cord ischemia model, ischemia of the caudal lumbar spinal cord was produced by temporary occlusion of the abdominal aorta. LY293558 was administered 5 min after recirculation as a 16 mg/kg i.v. bolus followed by 2.2 mg/kg infused over 1 h. Control animals received saline. LY293558 significantly increased the duration of ischemia required to produce paraplegia, from 30.5 +/- 15.8 min (mean +/- SD) controls to 50.1 +/- 11.5 in treated animals (p < 0.01). In an irreversible model of cerebral ischemia, 50 microns plastic microspheres were injected into the carotid artery and lodged in the cerebral microvasculature. LY293558 did not significantly reduce neurological damage in this model. These data suggest that LY293558 may have therapeutic benefit following some types of ischemic injury.