Indexed on: 01 Nov '66Published on: 01 Nov '66Published in: Folia Microbiologica
A two-phase metabolism ofCandida utilis occurred during batch cultivation in a molasses mash. It was characterized by intensive accumulation of biomass without a lag, utilization of glucose, formation of acetate and ethanol and their conversion to ethyl acetate during the first phase. In the second phase the accumulation of biomass continued and was accompanied by simultaneous utilization of ethyl acetate or amino acids, contained in molasses or produced by the culture during the first phase. A content of betaine, ash, non-assimilable nitrogen and reducing compounds as well as osmotic pressure increased with increasing density in separated mashes. The culture adapted to this medium during a two-stage continuous cultivation divided according to the two-phase nature of the metabolism. In the course of the adaptation the culture developed the ability to utilize succinate, glutamate, citrate and other originally non-assimilable compounds. A specific growth rate and productivity of the system increased proportionally with the increased concentration of assimilable substrates during a transition from one steady state to another. The adaptation in batch culture was not successful.