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The activation of phospholipase D by endothelin-1, angiotensin II, and platelet-derived growth factor in vascular smooth muscle A10 cells is mediated by small G proteins of the ADP-ribosylation factor family.

Research paper by K K Shome, M A MA Rizzo, C C Vasudevan, B B Andresen, G G Romero

Indexed on: 01 Jun '00Published on: 01 Jun '00Published in: Endocrinology



Abstract

We show here that A10 cells express the phospholipase D (PLD) isoforms PLD1b and PLD2. The activation of PLD in these cells by angiotensin II (AngII), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was found to be sensitive to inhibitors of the activation of ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) but not to blockers of Rho protein function. PDGF, AngII, and ET-1 induced the binding of ARF proteins to cell membranes in a permeabilized cell assay. Cells permeabilized and depleted of ARF were no longer sensitive to stimulation with AngII, ET-1, or PDGF, but the addition of recombinant myristoylated human ARF1 restored agonist-dependent PLD activity. Expression of dominant negative ARF mutants blocked receptor-dependent activation of PLD. PLD activity was also potently stimulated by treatment with phorbol esters, but this activity was only partially inhibited by brefeldin A or by the overexpression of ARF dominant negative mutants. Transient expression of catalytically inactive mutants of PLD2, but not PLD1, inhibited significantly PDGF- and AngII-dependent PLD activity. We conclude: 1) the activation of PLD by cell surface receptors occurs primarily by an ARF-dependent mechanism in A10 cells, whereas the activation of PLD by protein kinase C-dependent pathways is only partially dependent on the regulation of ARF proteins; and 2) cell surface receptors, such as AngII and PDGF, signal primarily via PLD2 in A10 cells.