Indexed on: 10 Jun '18Published on: 10 Jun '18Published in: Clinica Chimica Acta
Cyclophilin A is involved in many inflammatory diseases and its expression is up-regulated after brain injury. We determined if serum cyclophilin A could be used as a marker for severity and 90-day outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Serum cyclophilin A concentrations were quantified in 105 severe TBI patients and 105 healthy individuals. Its association with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, 90-day mortality and 90-day poor outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 1-3) were investigated. Serum cyclophilin A concentrations were significantly higher in TBI patients than in healthy individuals. Cyclophilin A concentrations had a close relation to GCS scores and showed a high discriminatory ability for 90-day mortality and poor outcome according to area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Its AUC was in the range of GCS scores. Moreover, its combination with GCS scores significantly improved the predictive performance of GCS scores alone. In addition, serum cyclophilin A emerged as an independent predictor for 90-day mortality, overall survival and poor outcome. Increased serum cyclophilin A concentrations could reflect trauma severity and unfavorable outcome after head trauma, substantializing cyclophilin A as a potential biomarker for prognostic prediction of TBI. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.