The 3, 4-didehydroretinal chromophore of goldfish porphyropsin.

Research paper by A T AT Tsin, F R FR Santos

Indexed on: 01 Aug '85Published on: 01 Aug '85Published in: The Journal of experimental zoology


The isomeric configuration of the 3,4-didehydroretinal chromophore of goldfish porphyropsin was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and by the regeneration of this visual pigment with authentic isomers of 3,4-didehydroretinal. A nonisomerizing, quantitative method using hydroxylamine and methylene chloride was employed to extract the 3,4-didehyroretinal chromophore from the rod outer segment membrane (containing the porphyropsin). When this extracted chromophore was injected into the HPLC, only a single major peak was observed and this peak coeluted with the authentic 11-cis 3,4-didehydroretinyl oxime. This suggests that the chromophore of goldfish porphyropsin is 11-cis 3,4-didehydroretinal. When the bleached rod outer segments (containing the opsin) were incubated with different 3,4-didehydroretinal isomers (13-cis, 11-cis, 9-cis, and all-trans), only the 11-cis isomer resulted in the degeneration of porphyropsin. This also suggests that the porphyropsin chromophore exists in the 11-cis configuration.