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Textural and surface chemical characteristics of activated carbons prepared from cattle manure compost.

Research paper by Qingrong Q Qian, Motoi M Machida, Hideki H Tatsumoto

Indexed on: 08 Jun '07Published on: 08 Jun '07Published in: Waste Management



Abstract

Two activated carbons (ACs) prepared from cattle manure compost (CMC) by ZnCl(2) activation were selected and out-gassed in a helium flow at various temperatures for 2h. The pore structure and surface chemical properties of the two selected ACs and their out-gassing treated ACs were characterized using N(2) adsorption-desorption, elements analysis, SEM and Boehm titration. A basic dye, methylene blue (MB), was chosen as an adsorbate to investigate the adsorption capacity for organic contaminant onto the activated carbons. It was found that the out-gassing treatment at 400 degrees C had little effect on the textural characteristics of the carbons but significantly changed the surface chemical properties such as surface functional groups concentration, pH and pH(PZC). The CMC-based activated carbons exhibited excellent performance for MB adsorption due to their high surface area, large mesopore volume and high nitrogen content. The kinetics of MB adsorption onto the activated carbons followed a pseudo-second-order equation, and the equilibrium data agreed well with the Langmuir model under the experimental conditions. The highest adsorption rate constant of k(ad) and the largest adsorption capacity of q(m) were found be 1.44x10(-4)g/mgmin and 519mg/g, respectively. The results suggested that the CMC-based activated carbons were effective adsorbents for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution.