Testing Encourages Transfer Between Factual and Application Questions in an Online Learning Environment

Research paper by Ruthann C. Thomas, Christina R. Weywadt; Janis L. Anderson; Brenda Martinez-Papponi; Mark A. McDaniel

Indexed on: 09 Jul '18Published on: 07 Jul '18Published in: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition


Publication date: June 2018 Source:Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Volume 7, Issue 2 Author(s): Ruthann C. Thomas, Christina R. Weywadt, Janis L. Anderson, Brenda Martinez-Papponi, Mark A. McDaniel Quizzing improves retention compared to additional study opportunities, a phenomenon known as test-enhanced learning. Two experiments investigated whether the type of question at quiz improves retention for factual and applied course material on exams in an online college course. Students were given quizzes with either factual questions or questions designed to encourage application of a particular concept. As expected, quizzing with feedback improved exam performance compared to material that had not been quizzed. Further, the benefits of quizzing transferred to different question types. Performance on application exam questions improved if students were quizzed with factual questions. Likewise, performance on factual exam questions improved if students were quizzed with application questions. These results replicate the finding that quizzing benefits retention in an online learning environment and, more importantly, that the benefits of quizzing transfer to exam questions that differ in type from the quiz question.