Testicular germ cell tumours: predisposition genes and the male germ cell niche.

Research paper by Duncan D Gilbert, Elizabeth E Rapley, Janet J Shipley

Indexed on: 18 Mar '11Published on: 18 Mar '11Published in: Nature Reviews Cancer


Testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs) of adults and adolescents are putatively derived from primordial germ cells or gonocytes. Recently reported genome-wide association studies implicate six gene loci that predispose to TGCT development. Remarkably, the functions of proteins encoded by genes within these regions bridge our understanding between the pathways involved in primordial germ cell physiology, male germ cell development and the molecular pathology of TGCTs. Furthermore, this improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying TGCT development and dissemination has clinical relevance for the management of patients with these tumours.