Tension pneumothorax-induced Takotsubo syndrome: A case report.

Research paper by Wei-Siang WS Chen, Ming-Jui MJ Hung

Indexed on: 24 Apr '19Published on: 23 Apr '19Published in: Medicine


Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is a form of acute and usually reversible heart failure syndrome. Transient left ventricular dysfunction and electrocardiographic changes could mimic acute coronary syndrome but there are actually no obstructive coronary lesions. A 76-year-old woman with chronic lung disease developed spontaneous tension pneumothorax with the presentation of severe dyspnea, respiratory failure, left ventricular dysfunction, and anterior wall ST-segment elevation on 12-lead electrocardiogram. Acute coronary syndrome was excluded by normal coronary angiograms. The patient was diagnosed as tension pneumothorax complicated by TTS. The woman underwent tubal thoracostomy for tension pneumothorax-induced obstructive shock. However, the patient further underwent ligation bullectomy for persistent air leakage 2 weeks later. The left ventricular dysfunction recovered 1 week after resolution of tension pneumothorax. Anterior wall ST-segment elevation resolved 25 days after admission. Concurrent electrocardiograms and echocardiographic serial evaluations should be performed to provide more comprehensive information when dealing with tension pneumothorax patients.