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"Tenomalacia": a new sonographic sign of tendinopathy?

Research paper by Viviane V Khoury, Etienne E Cardinal

Indexed on: 05 Aug '08Published on: 05 Aug '08Published in: European Radiology



Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess tendon compressibility with sonography in extensor tendinopathy and in asymptomatic extensor tendons of the elbow. Sonography of both elbows was performed in eight patients with a clinical diagnosis of unilateral lateral epicondylitis. Tendons were assessed for compressibility by measuring their thickness before and after compression with the transducer. The same manoeuvre was performed while tendon vascularity was assessed with colour Doppler. All eight cases showed increased compressibility of the common extensor tendon on the painful side compared to the asymptomatic side, as well as increased vascularity with compressible vessels on colour Doppler. Other signs of tendinopathy were hypoechogenicity (n = 8), loss of fibrillar pattern (n = 8), intratendinous calcifications (n = 1), partial tears (n = 3), and enthesophytes (n = 5). Increased tendon compressibility indicative of tendon softening or "tenomalacia" is a new sonographic sign of common extensor tendinopathy.