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Tenacibaculum agarivorans sp. nov., an agar-degrading bacterium isolated from marine alga Porphyra yezoensis Ueda.

Research paper by Zhen-Xing ZX Xu, Pei P Yu, Da-Shuai DS Mu, Yan Y Liu, Zong-Jun ZJ Du

Indexed on: 19 Oct '17Published on: 19 Oct '17Published in: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology



Abstract

A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-flagellated and agar-digesting marine bacterium, designated as HZ1(T), was isolated from the marine alga Porphyra yezoensis Ueda (AST58-103) collected from the coastal area of Weihai, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed HZ1(T) in the genus Tenacibaculum, and it formed a distinct clade in the phylogenetic tree with the type strains of Tenacibaculum amylolyticum and Tenacibaculum skagerrakense, with 97.0 % and 96.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 31.8 mol%. HZ1(T) contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1G as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified lipids and five unidentified aminolipids. On the basis of the results of the phylogenetic analysis and phenotypic properties, it is concluded that HZ1(T) represents a novel species of the genus Tenacibaculum, for which the name Tenacibaculumagarivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HZ1(T) (=MCCC 1H00174(T)=KCTC 52476(T)).