Indexed on: 07 Aug '10Published on: 07 Aug '10Published in: JVIR: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
To determine the expected ablation zone size and associated isotherms when using clinically available percutaneous cryoprobes for pulmonary cryoablation in a porcine lung model.Seven ablations were performed in the lungs of three adult pigs using clinically available 2.4-mm cryoprobes (Endocare, Inc, Irvine, California) and a 10-minute double-freeze protocol. Five 18-gauge thermocouples were positioned at 5-mm increments (ie, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 mm) from the cryoprobe. Real-time tissue temperatures were recorded during the cryoablation. The isotherms obtained during the ablation and the pathological ablation zones were measured.The pathologic zone of complete necrosis had a mean diameter of 2.4 + or - 0.2 cm, with a mean area of 4.6 + or - 0.6 cm(2) and a circularity of 0.95 + or - 0.04. In comparison, the mean diameter (+ or - standard deviation) of the 0 degrees C, -20 degrees C, and -40 degrees C isotherms were 3.1 + or - 0.2 cm, 2.3 + or - 0.3 cm, and 1.8 + or - 0.4 cm, respectively. The -20 degrees C isotherm was most closely related to the pathologic zone of ablation.This study establishes the temperature isotherms and associated ablation zone size that can be expected with modern percutaneous cryoprobes in an in vivo porcine lung model.