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TCR affinity for p/MHC formed by tumor antigens that are self-proteins: impact on efficacy and toxicity.

Research paper by Jennifer D JD Stone, Daniel T DT Harris, David M DM Kranz

Indexed on: 27 Jan '15Published on: 27 Jan '15Published in: Current Opinion in Immunology



Abstract

Recent studies have shown that the range of affinities of T cell receptors (TCRs) against non-mutated cancer peptide/class I complexes are lower than TCR affinities for foreign antigens. Raising the affinity of TCRs for optimal activity of CD8 T cells, and for recruitment of CD4 T cell activity against a class I antigen, provides opportunities for more robust adoptive T cell therapies. However, TCRs with enhanced affinities also risk increased reactivity with structurally related self-peptides, and off-target toxicities. Careful selection of tumor peptide antigens, in silico proteome screens, and in vitro peptide specificity assays will be important in the development of the most effective, safe TCR-based adoptive therapies.