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TAT-Hsp40 inhibits oxidative stress-mediated cytotoxicity via the inhibition of Hsp70 ubiquitination.

Research paper by Soo-A SA Kim, Sunghoe S Chang, Jung-Hoon JH Yoon, Sang-Gun SG Ahn

Indexed on: 09 Feb '08Published on: 09 Feb '08Published in: FEBS Letters



Abstract

Heat shock protein 40 (Hsp40) functions as a co-chaperone of mammalian Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and facilitates the ATPase activity of Hsp70, and also promotes the cellular protein folding and renaturation of misfolded proteins. In an effort to assess the effects of Hsp40, we generated TAT-fused Hsp40 (TAT-Hsp40). The cells were transduced with TAT-Hsp40 and exposed to H(2)O(2). We demonstrated that the TAT-Hsp40-transduced cells were more resistant to cellular cytotoxicity and cell death. In particular, the degradation of Hsp70 was significantly reduced in TAT-Hsp40-containing cells as a consequence of reduced ubiquitin-proteasome activity after oxidative injury. These data support the notion that Hsp40 may confer resistance to oxidative stress via the prevention of proteasome activity.

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