T2* Mapping of Peroneal Tendons Using Clinically Relevant Subregions in an Asymptomatic Population.

Research paper by Katharine J KJ Wilson, Rachel K RK Surowiec, Nicholas S NS Johnson, Carly A CA Lockard, Thomas O TO Clanton, Charles P CP Ho

Indexed on: 30 May '17Published on: 30 May '17Published in: Foot & ankle international


Peroneal tendon evaluation is particularly demanding using current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques because of their curving path around the lateral malleolus. Quantifiable, objective data on the health of the peroneal tendons could be useful for improving diagnosis of tendon pathology and tracking post-treatment responses. The purpose of this study was to establish a method and normative T2-star (T2*) values for the peroneal tendons in a screened asymptomatic cohort using clinically reproducible subregions, providing a baseline for comparison with peroneal tendon pathology.Unilateral ankle scans were acquired for 26 asymptomatic volunteers with a 3-Tesla MRI system using a T2* mapping sequence in the axial and sagittal planes. The peroneus brevis and peroneus longus tendons were manually segmented and subregions were isolated in the proximity of the lateral malleolus. Summary statistics for T2* values were calculated.The peroneus brevis tendon exhibited a mean T2* value of 12 ms and the peroneus longus tendon was 11 ms. Subregions distal to the lateral malleolus had significantly higher T2* values ( P < .05) than the subregions proximal in both tendons, in both the axial and sagittal planes.Peroneal tendon regions distal to the inferior tip of the lateral malleolus had significantly higher T2* values than those regions proximal, which could be related to anatomical differences along the tendon.This study provides a quantitative method and normative baseline T2* mapping values for comparison with symptomatic clinically compromised peroneal tendon patients.