Synthetic Multiferroic Interconnects for Magnetic Logic Circuits

Research paper by Alexander Khitun

Indexed on: 27 Sep '13Published on: 27 Sep '13Published in: Physics - Materials Science


In this work, we consider the possibility of using synthetic multiferroics comprising piezoelectric and magnetostrictive materials as an interconnect for nano magnetic logic circuits. The proposed interconnect resembles a parallel plate capacitor filled with a piezoelectric, where one of the plates is made of a magnetoelastic material. The operation of the interconnect is based on the effect of stress-mediated anisotropy modulation, where an electric field applied across the piezoelectric material produces stress, which, in turn, affects the anisotropy field in the magnetostrictive material. We present the results of numerical modeling illustrating signal propagation through the interconnect. The model combines electric and magnetic parts, where the electric part describes the distribution of an electric field through the piezoelectric and the magnetic part describes the change of magnetization in the magnetoelastic layer. The model is based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation with the electric field dependent anisotropy term included. The utilization of the electro-magnetic coupling makes it possible to amplify magnetic signal during its propagation via energy conversion from the electric to magnetic domains. Potentially, synthetic multiferroic interconnects can be implemented in a variety of spin-based devices ensuring reliable and low-energy consuming data transmission. According to the estimates, the group velocity of magnetic signals may be up to 100 km/s with energy dissipation less than aJ per bit per 100nm. The fundamental limits and practical shortcoming of the proposed approach are also discussed.