Synthesis of fatty 2-oxazolines from fatty methyl 2,3-epoxy ester

Research paper by M. H. Ansari, M. Ahmad

Indexed on: 01 Jul '86Published on: 01 Jul '86Published in: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society


Reaction of methyltrans-2,3-epoxyhexadecanoate (I) with benzonitrile in presence of boron trifluoride-etherate (BF3-etherate) as catalyst has yieldedcis-2-phenyl-4-tridecyl-5-carbomethoxy-2-oxazoline (II), methyl 2-hydroxy-3-benzamidohexadecanoate (IV) and methyl 2,3-dihydroxyhexadecanoate (III). On the other hand, reactions of I with acetonitrile and acrylonitrile have resulted in the formation of their corresponding hydroxyamides, methyl 2-hydroxy-3-acetamidohexadecanoate (VI) and methyl 2-hydroxy-3-acryloamido hexadecanoate (VII), respectively, along with the product (III) only. Pyrolysis of hydroxyamides (IV), (VI) and (VII) afforded their corresponding 2-oxazolines,cis-2-phenyl-4-tridecyl-5-carboxy-2-oxazoline (V),cis-2-methyl-4-tridecyl-5-carboxy-2-oxazoline (VIII) andcis-2-vinyl-4-tridecyl-5-carboxy-2-oxazoline (IX), respectively, in good yields. The products have been characterized with the help of spectral and microanalyses.