Indexed on: 05 Feb '15Published on: 05 Feb '15Published in: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
In an attempt to develop potent and selective anticancer agents, a series of twenty arylpyrazole linked benzimidazole conjugates (10a-t) were designed and synthesized as microtubule destabilizing agents. The joining of arylpyrazole to the benzimidazole moiety resulted in a four ring (A, B, C and D) molecular scaffold that comprises of polar heterocyclic rings in the middle associated with rotatable single bonds and substituted aryl rings placed in the opposite directions. These conjugates were evaluated for their ability to inhibit the growth of sixty cancer cell line panel of the NCI. Among these some conjugates like 10a, 10b, 10d, 10e, 10p and 10r exhibited significant growth inhibitory activity against most of the cell lines ranging from 0.3 to 13μM. Interestingly, the conjugate 10b with methoxy group on D-ring expressed appreciable cytotoxic potential. A549 cells treated with some of the potent conjugates like 10a, 10b and 10d arrested cells at G2/M phase apart from activating cyclin-B1 protein levels and disrupting microtubule network. Moreover, these conjugates effectively inhibited tubulin polymerization with IC50 values of 1.3-3.8μM. Whereas, the caspase assay revealed that they activate the casepase-3 leading to apoptosis. Particularly 10b having methoxy substituent induced activity almost 3 folds higher than CA-4. Furthermore, a competitive colchicine binding assay and molecular modeling analysis suggests that these conjugates bind to the tubulin successfully at the colchicine binding site. These investigations reveal that such conjugates having pyrazole and benzimidazole moieties have the potential in the development of newer chemotherapeutic agents.