Indexed on: 25 Jan '17Published on: 25 Jan '17Published in: Carbohydrate Polymers
A novel type of O-carboxymethyl chitosan Schiff bases (O-CSPX) was synthesized via a condensation reaction. After the coordination reaction of cupric ions, Cu(II) complexes (O-CSPX-Cu) were achieved. The theoretical structure of O-CSPX-Cu calculated by Gaussian 09 reveals that the copper ions underwent dsp(2) hybridization, coordinated by the carbon atom in the p-π conjugate group and the oxygen atoms in the acetate ion. Then, the structures were confirmed by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, CP-MAS (13)C NMR, elemental analysis, DSC and XRD. The antifungal properties of O-CSPX-Cu against Phytophthora capsici (P. capsici), Gibberella zeae (G. zeae) and Glomerella cingulata (G. cingulata) were evaluated at concentrations ranging from 0.05mg/mL to 0.20mg/mL. The experiments indicated that the derivatives have significantly enhanced antifungal activity after copper ion complexation compared with the original chitosan. Moreover, it was shown that 0.20mg/mL of O-CSP3-Cu and O-CSP4-Cu can 100% inhibit the growth of P. capsici. The experimental results reveal that the antifungal efficiency is related to the space steric hindrance on the benzene ring, which may provide a novel direction for the development of copper fungicides.