Indexed on: 27 Oct '17Published on: 27 Oct '17Published in: International journal of molecular sciences
The radiation-induced damage to mitochondrial oxidative respiratory chain could lead to generating of superoxide anions (O(2-)) and secondary reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are the major resources of continuous ROS production after radiation. Scavenging radiation-induced ROS effectively can help mitochondria to maintain their physiological function and relief cells from oxidative stress. Dihydropyridines (DHPs) are biomimetic hydrogen sources that could protect cells against radiation damage. In this study, we designed and synthetized three novel mitochondrial-targeted dihydropyridines (Mito-DHPs) that utilize the mitochondrial membrane potential to enter the organelle and scavenge ROS. MitoTracker confirmed Mito-DHPs accumulation in mitochondria, and the DCFH-DA assay demonstrated effective ROS scavenging activity. In addition, the γ-H2AX and comet assay demonstrated the ability of Mito-DHPs to protect against both radiation and ROS-induced DNA strand breaks. Furthermore, Mito-DHP1 proved to be non-toxic and displayed significant radioprotection activity (p < 0.05) in vitro. Mito-DHPs are therefore promising antioxidants that could penetrate the membrane of mitochondria, scavenge excessive ROS, and protect cells against radiation-induced oxidative damage.