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Synthesis and purification of soluble ligand binding domain of the human vitamin D3 receptor.

Research paper by T A TA Craig, R R Kumar

Indexed on: 26 Jan '96Published on: 26 Jan '96Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications



Abstract

We expressed and purified milligram quantities of the ligand binding domain of the human 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor using a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) fusion protein expression system. Amino acids 105-427 were expressed in E. coli as a GST fusion protein at a reduced (20 degrees C) temperature and purified on glutathione sepharose. The fusion protein adsorbed to glutathione sepharose was cleaved with thrombin to yield soluble 105-427 human 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor. The 105-427 human 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor was further purified by Mono Q ion exchange chromatography and was characterized as a single band on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The 105-427 human 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor bound 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 with high affinity (Kd approximately 10(-9)M) and with a binding capacity of 47 pmoles/nmole protein. Large scale expression of 105-427 human 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor will provide human 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor ligand binding domain suitable for structural studies.