Synthesis and pharmacological investigation of novel 4-benzyl-1-substituted-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinazolin-5-ones as new class of H1-antihistaminic agents.

Research paper by V V Alagarsamy, V R VR Solomon, M M Murugan

Indexed on: 25 Apr '07Published on: 25 Apr '07Published in: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry


A series of novel 1-substituted-4-benzyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinazolin-5-ones were synthesized by the cyclization of 2-hydrazino-3-benzyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one with various one-carbon donors. The starting material 2-hydrazino-3-benzyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one was synthesized from benzylamine by a new innovative route. When tested for their in vivo H1 -antihistaminic activity on guinea pigs, all the test compounds protected the animals from histamine induced bronchospasm significantly. The compound 1-methyl-4-benzyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinazolin-5-one (II) emerged as the most active compound of the series and it is more potent (percent protection 76%) when compared to the reference standard chlorpheniramine maleate (percent protection 71%). Compound II showed negligible sedation (7%) when compared to chlorpheniramine maleate (30%). Hence it could serve as prototype molecule for further development as a new class of H1 -antihistamines.