Indexed on: 01 Apr '08Published on: 01 Apr '08Published in: Biomacromolecules
Iron overload is a critical clinical problem that can be prevented by the use of iron-specific chelating agents. An alternative method of relieving iron overload is to reduce the efficiency of iron absorption from the intestine by administering iron chelators, which can bind iron irreversibly to form nontoxic, kinetically inert complexes that are not absorbed and are therefore excreted in the feces. A series of polymeric chelators with various iron binding capacities were therefore prepared as nonabsorbable iron-selective additives. A novel 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one hexadentate ligand CP254 has been synthesized and incorporated into polymers by copolymerisation with N, N-dimethylacrylamide (DMAA), and N, N'-ethylene-bis-acrylamide (EBAA) using (NH4)2S2O8 as the initiator. The physicochemical properties of CP254 were determined, namely, log K = 33.2 and pFe(3+) = 27.24. The chelating capacity of the CP254-DMAA copolymers was determined at physiological pH. The iron(III) chelation was found to achieve 80% capacity after 1 h and was virtually complete after 5 h, which is much quicker than that of the commercially available chelating resin Chelex100. The chelating copolymers were found to be readily regenerated and reusable. The copolymers possess a high selectivity for iron(III). The conditional affinity (log K') for iron(III) at pH 7.46 was determined to be 26.55, which is not significantly different to that of the hexadentate ligand CP254 (log K' = 26.47). In vitro perfusion studies indicate that the polymeric chelators described in this study can reduce iron absorption from the intestine.