Synthesis and characterization of novel titanium complexes bearing [ONX]-type β-enaminoketonato ligands and their application to ethylene (co)polymerization.

Research paper by Ping P Tao, Xiao-Yan XY Tang, Bai-Xiang BX Li, Jing-Yu JY Liu, Yue-Sheng YS Li

Indexed on: 16 May '12Published on: 16 May '12Published in: Dalton Transactions


A series of novel titanium complexes bearing tridentate β-enaminoketonato chelating ligands of type, [R(2)NC(CF(3))C(H)CR(1)O]TiCl(3) (2a: R(1) = Ph, R(2) = -C(6)H(4)OMe(o); 2b: R(1) = Ph, R(2) = -C(9)H(6)N; 2c: R(1) = Ph, R(2) = -C(6)H(4)SMe(o); 2d: R(1) = Ph, R(2) = -C(6)H(4)SPh(o); 2e: R(1) = (t)Bu, R(2) = -C(6)H(4)SPh(o)) and [R(2)NC(R(1))C(H)C(CF(3))O]TiCl(3) (2f: R(1) = Ph, R(2) = -C(6)H(4)PPh(2)(o)) were prepared from TiCl(4) by treating with one equiv of deprotonated ligands in toluene. The reaction of 1a with equivalent of TiCl(4) in THF afforded another complex, C(6)H(4)OMeNC(CF(3))C(H)CPhO]TiCl(3)(thf) (3a), in addition to formation of the dichloride complex 4a, [C(6)H(4)(OMe)NC(CF(3))C(H)CPhO](2)TiCl(2). After deprotonation by alkali-metal hydride at -78 °C in diethyl ether, ligand 1a could react with 0.5 equiv of TiCl(4) to form the exclusive and clean dichloride complex 4a in high yield. These complexes were identified by NMR and mass spectra as well as elemental analyses. X-ray diffraction studies on these new trichloride complexes revealed a distorted octahedral coordination of the central metal with three chlorine atoms in a mer disposition. Dichloride complex 4a also adopted a distorted octahedral geometry around the titanium center. Two chlorine atoms are situated in the cis position, as seen in the bond angles for Cl(1)-Ti-Cl(2) (92.64(7)°). The O atom on the heterocyclic group was not coordinated with Ti. When activated by modified methylaluminoxane (MMAO), complexes 2a-e exhibited moderate to high activity towards ethylene (co)polymerization, giving relatively high molecular weight polymers with unimodal molecular weight distribution.