Indexed on: 28 Nov '15Published on: 28 Nov '15Published in: Applied Petrochemical Research
Cs exchanged heteropolyacid catalysts functionalized with various Sn contents were prepared by wet impregnation method. These catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, temperature programmed desorption of ammonia and BET surface area measurements. The catalytic properties of Sn–CsPW catalysts were evaluated for the synthesis of glycerol carbonate and they exhibit an unprecedented activity for the higher glycerol conversion and selectivity towards glycerol carbonate under vacuum conditions. Sn-functionalized Cs exchanged heteropolyacid catalysts (CsPW) play a significant role in the enhancement of acidity, catalytic activity and stability. The glycerol conversion and the selectivity of carbonate formation mainly depend on the Sn content and acidity of the catalysts. Different reaction parameters such as Sn molar ratio, glycerol to urea molar ratio, reaction temperature were investigated and also optimum conditions were established. The catalyst containing molar ratio of 3:1 Sn–CsPW has shown highest conversion and glycerol carbonate selectivity.