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Synthesis and catalytic activity of group 5 metal amides with chiral biaryldiamine-based ligands.

Research paper by Furen F Zhang, Haibin H Song, Guofu G Zi

Indexed on: 11 Jan '11Published on: 11 Jan '11Published in: Dalton Transactions



Abstract

A new series of group 5 metal amides have been prepared from the reaction between V(NMe(2))(4) or M(NMe(2))(5) (M = Nb, Ta) and chiral ligands, (R)-2,2'-bis(mesitoylamino)-1,1'-binaphthyl (1H(2)), (R)-5,5',6,6',7,7',8,8'-octahydro-2,2'-bis(mesitoylamino)-1,1'-binaphthyl (2H(2)), (R)-6,6'-dimethyl-2,2'-bis(mesitoylamino)-1,1'-biphenyl (3H(2)), (R)-2,2'-bis(mesitylenesulfonylamino)-6,6'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl (4H(2)), (R)-2,2'-bis(diphenylthiophosphoramino)-1,1'-binaphthyl (5H(2)), (R)-2,2'-bis[(3-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino]-6,6'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl (6H(2)), (R)-2,2'-bis[(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino]-6,6'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl (7H(2)), (R)-2,2'-bis[(3-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino]-1,1'-binaphthyl (8H(2)), (S)-2-(mesitoylamino)-2'-(dimethylamino)-1,1'-binaphthyl (9H), and (R)-2-(mesitoylamino)-2'-(dimethylamino)-6,6'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl (10H), which are derived from (R) or (S)-2,2'-diamino-1,1'-binaphthyl, and (R)-2,2'-diamino-6,6'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl, respectively. Treatment of V(NMe(2))(4) or M(NMe(2))(5) (M = Nb, Ta) with 1 equiv of C(2)-symmetric amidate ligands 1H(2), 2H(2), 3H(2), 4H(2), and 5H(2), or Schiff base ligands 6H(2), 7H(2) and 8H(2) at room temperature gives, after recrystallization from a benzene, toluene or n-hexane solution, the vanadium amides (1)V(NMe(2))(2) (11), (2)V(NMe(2))(2) (14), (3)V(NMe(2))(2) (17), (5)V(NMe(2))(2) (22), (6)V(NMe(2))(2) (23) and (7)V(NMe(2))(2) (24), and niobium amides (1)Nb(NMe(2))(3) (12), (2)Nb(NMe(2))(3) (15), (3)Nb(NMe(2))(3) (18), (4)Nb(NMe(2))(3) (20) and [2-(3-Me(3)C-2-O-C(6)H(3)CHN)-2'-(N)-C(20)H(12)][2-(Me(2)N)(2)CH-6-CMe(3)-C(6)H(3)O]NbNMe(2)·C(7)H(8) (25·C(7)H(8)), and tantalum amides (1)Ta(NMe(2))(3) (13), (2)Ta(NMe(2))(3) (16), (3)Ta(NMe(2))(3) (19) and (4)Ta(NMe(2))(3) (21) respectively, in good yields. Reaction of V(NMe(2))(4) or M(NMe(2))(5) (M = Nb, Ta) with 2 equiv of C(1)-symmetric amidate ligands 9H or 10H at room temperature gives, after recrystallization from a toluene or n-hexane solution, the chiral bis-ligated vanadium amides (9)(2)V(NMe(2))(2)·3C(7)H(8) (27·3C(7)H(8)) and (10)V(NMe(2))(2) (28), and chiral bis-ligated metallaaziridine complexes (10)(2)M(NMe(2))(η(2)-CH(2)NMe) (M = Nb (29), Ta (30)) respectively, in good yields. The niobium and tantalum amidate complexes are stable in a toluene solution at or below 160 °C, while the vanadium amidate complexes degrade via diemthylamino group elimination at this temperature. For example, heating the complex (2)V(NMe(2))(2) (14) in toluene at 160 °C for four days leads to the isolation of the complex [(2)V](2)(μ-NMe(2))(2) (26) in 58% yield. These new complexes have been characterized by various spectroscopic techniques, and elemental analyses. The solid-state structures of complexes 12, 13, and 15-30 have further been confirmed by X-ray diffraction analyses. The vanadium amides are active chiral catalysts for the asymmetric hydroamination/cyclization of aminoalkenes, affording cyclic amines in moderate to good yields with good ee values (up to 80%), and the tantalum amides are outstanding chiral catalysts for the hydroaminoalkylation, giving chiral secondary amines in good yields with excellent ee values (up to 93%).