Indexed on: 30 Apr '08Published on: 30 Apr '08Published in: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
A series of 5-(nitroaryl)-1,3,4-thiadiazoles bearing certain sulfur containing alkyl side chain similar to pendent residue in tinidazole molecule were synthesized and evaluated against Helicobacter pylori using disk diffusion method. The synthesized compounds were also evaluated for their antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic effects. Study of the structure-activity relationships of this series of compounds indicated that both the structure of the nitroaryl unit and the pendent group on 2-position of 1,3,4-thiadiazole ring dramatically impact the anti-H. pylori activity. While compound 7a containing 2-[2-(ethylsulfonyl)ethylthio]-side chain from nitrothiophene series was the most potent compound tested against clinical isolates of H. pylori, however, nitroimidazoles 6c and 7c were found to be more promising compounds because of their respectable anti-H. pylori activity besides less cytotoxic effects.