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Symptomatic bronchoconstriction after short-term inhalation of sulfur dioxide.

Research paper by J R JR Balmes, J M JM Fine, D D Sheppard

Indexed on: 01 Nov '87Published on: 01 Nov '87Published in: The American review of respiratory disease



Abstract

We studied the relationship between duration and concentration of exposure in SO2-induced bronchoconstriction in 8 asthmatic subjects. On separate days, we administered SO2 in humidified air through a mouthpiece at 2 concentrations (0.5 and 1.0 ppm) for 3 time periods (1, 3, and 5 min) during eucapnic hyperpnea (60 L/min). Humidified air was administered for 5 min as a control. Bronchoconstriction was assessed by measurement of specific airway resistance (SRaw). The magnitude of the bronchoconstrictor response to both concentrations of SO2 increased progressively over the 3 time periods studied. The mean (+/- SE) increase in SRaw (in L x cm H2O/L/s) and percent increase above baseline (in parentheses) after each exposure to SO2 were as follows: 2.5 +/- 0.3 (34%) after 0.5 ppm for 1 min; 7.5 +/- 4.7 (93%) after 1.0 ppm for 1 min; 13 +/- 3.2 (173%) after 0.5 ppm for 3 min; 31.4 +/- 7.4 (395%) after 1.0 ppm for 3 min; 19.6 +/- 4.0 (234%) after 0.5 ppm for 5 min; 44.1 +/- 9.8 (580%) after 1.0 ppm for 5 min; 3.5 +/- 1.5 (46%) after humidified air for 5 min. For the group, the increases in SRaw caused by inhalation of both concentrations of SO2 for 1 min were small. However, 2 of 8 subjects did develop large increases in SRaw and chest tightness after inhalation of 1.0 ppm for 1 min. Seven of 8 subjects developed wheezing, chest tightness, or dyspnea and used an inhaled bronchodilator after inhalation of 0.5 ppm for 3 and 5 min and 1.0 ppm for 3 minutes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)