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Survivorship of 2000 tapered titanium porous plasma-sprayed femoral components.

Research paper by Adolph V AV Lombardi, Keith R KR Berend, Thomas H TH Mallory, Michael D MD Skeels, Joanne B JB Adams

Indexed on: 01 Nov '08Published on: 01 Nov '08Published in: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®



Abstract

Tapered titanium porous plasma-sprayed components have performed well in primary THA. To confirm the literature at longer followup we retrospectively reviewed all 1639 patients who underwent 2000 THAs in which a specific porous femoral component was used. One hundred fourteen patients (134 hips) were lost to followup leaving a cohort of 1525 patients (1866 THAs). The component is a tapered titanium plasma spray-coated design that remained relatively unchanged since its first implantation except for circumferential proximal porous coating added in 1986 and an offset option added in 1999. Minimum followup was 24 months (average, 119 months; range, 24 to 275 months). To date there have been 39 femoral revisions for an implant survival of 98%. Using the Kaplan-Meier method, cumulative survival with any stem revision as the end point was 98.6% at 5 years, 98.4% at 10 years, 97.1% at 15 years, and 95.5% at 20 years. Using aseptic revision for failure of ingrowth as the endpoint, stem survival was 99.1%. Kaplan-Meier cumulative survival with aseptic revision for failure of ingrowth as the endpoint was 99.4% at 5 years, 99.3% at 10, 15 and 20 years. Harris hip pain and total scores improved. This titanium, porous plasma spray-coated femoral component continues to demonstrate high long-term survival with a low rate of component revision for any reason or aseptic failure of ingrowth.Level IV, therapeutic study (case series). See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.