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Surface porous fibre-reinforced composite bulk bone substitute.

Research paper by A J AJ Aho, M M Hautamäki, R R Mattila, P P Alander, N N Strandberg, J J Rekola, J J Gunn, L V J LV Lassila, P K PK Vallittu

Indexed on: 14 Dec '04Published on: 14 Dec '04Published in: Cell and Tissue Banking



Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the significance of a porous surface with bioactive glass granules (S53P4) covering an artificial bulk material based on polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA) and fibre-reinforced composite (FRC) technology. Effort was focused particularly on characters of the porous surface and biomechanical properties of the material in vitro , and test in vivo the implant in reconstruction in an experimental long bone segment defect model. The defect, 10 mm in length, created in the shaft of rabbit tibia, was reconstructed by the implant and fixed by intramedullary K-wires. The implant was incorporated within 4 weeks by new bone growth from the host bone covering particularly its posterior surface and cortex/implant junctions with bridging trabecular bone. Later, at 8 weeks, new bone was found also at the cortex/implant interface and in the medullary canal of the implant. Histometric measurements revealed direct bone/implant surface contact in 34% at the interface. Bioactive glass granules in the porous surface evoked the most direct contact with bone. The implants manufactured from PMMA only served as a control group, and showed significantly lower osteoconductive properties. Biomechanical measurements in vitro of fibre-reinforced PMMA specimens revealed values for bending strength and the flexural modulus to match them to human bone. This artificial bulk bone material based on PMMA/FRC technology seems to have proposing properties to be used as a bone substitute on load-bearing conditions.