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Surface modified granular activated carbon for enhancement of nickel adsorption from aqueous solution

Research paper by Sang-Hoon Byeon, Dhamodaran Kavitha, Kanagasabai Ponvel, Kyung-min Kim, Chang-Ha Lee

Indexed on: 16 Feb '10Published on: 16 Feb '10Published in: The Korean journal of chemical engineering



Abstract

Coal-based granular activated carbon was modified with acetates of sodium, potassium and lithium at concentrations of 10 and 15% and used as adsorbents to explore the adsorption mechanism of nickel ion in aqueous solution. Acetate treatment reduced surface area and pore volume of the activated carbons, but the adsorption amount of Ni(II) on the modified activated carbons (MAC) was greater than that on the virgin activated carbon. The adsorption depended on pH of the solution with an optimum at 4.5 and the adsorbed nickel could be fully desorbed by using 0.05M HCl solution. The maximum adsorption capacity of nickel ion on Li (15 wt%) modified activated carbon was 151.3 mg/g and the adsorption isotherm follows Langmuir, Sips, and Redlich-Peterson isotherm models better than the Freundlich isotherm model. The kinetic data was better fitted by a non-linear form of the pseudo-first order than the pseudo-second order, but the difference between two kinetic models was small.