SUMOylation of TARBP2 regulates miRNA/siRNA efficiency

Research paper by Cheng Chen, Changhong Zhu, Jian Huang, Xian Zhao, Rong Deng, Hailong Zhang, Jinzhuo Dou, Qin Chen, Ming Xu, Haihua Yuan, Yanli Wang, Jianxiu Yu

Indexed on: 23 Nov '15Published on: 19 Nov '15Published in: Nature Communications


Small RNA-induced gene silencing is essential for post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression; however, it remains unclear how miRNA/siRNA efficiency is regulated. Here we show that TARBP2 is SUMOylated at K52, which can be enhanced by its phosphorylation. This modification can stabilize TARBP2 via repressing its K48-linked ubiquitination. We find that TARBP2 SUMOylation does not influence the overall production of mature miRNAs, but it regulates miRNA/siRNA efficiency. SUMOylated TARBP2 recruits Ago2 to constitute the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC)-loading complex (RLC), and simultaneously promotes more pre-miRNAs to load into the RLC. Consequently, Ago2 is stabilized and miRNAs/siRNAs bound by TARBP2/Dicer is effectively transferred to Ago2. Thus, these processes lead to the formation of the effective RISC for RNA interference (RNAi). Collectively, our data suggest that SUMOylation of TARBP2 is required for regulating miRNA/siRNA efficiency, which is a general mechanism of miRNA/siRNA regulation.

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