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Successful management of a type 2 diabetic donor in living-donor liver transplantation: a case report.

Research paper by T T Kobayashi, Y Y Sato, S S Yamamoto, H H Oya, H H Kokai, I I Kurosaki, K K Hatakeyama

Indexed on: 22 Oct '08Published on: 22 Oct '08Published in: Transplantation Proceedings



Abstract

A 50-year-old woman with a 4-year history of type 2 diabetes history was treated with nateglinide (270 mg/day) and metformin hydrochloride (500 mg/day). The recipient was her 55-year-old husband whose diagnoses were liver cirrhosis with type C chronic hepatitis (Child-Pugh C, score, 10; Model for End-Stage Liver Disease: 15), hepatocellular carcinoma (solitary, 2 cm), and hepatic encephalopathy. Her body weight was 50 kg and body mass index 21.6 kg/m2. Laboratory examinations showed fasting blood glucose of 110 mg/dL and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 6.6% upon admission. Right liver lobectomy was performed of a 563-g graft. Operative time was 253 minutes and blood loss 50 mL. She was discharged at postoperative day 9 without any complications. We changed nateglinide and metformin hydrochloride to insulin aspart or human insulin after admission. Blood glucose level was strictly controlled using a sliding scale of insulin. She received regular glucose check-ups at our outpatient clinic after discharge. She stopped using insulin and returned to nateglinide and metformin hydrochloride on postoperative day 25. Her blood glucose level was 80 to 150 mg/dL and HbA1c was 5.8% at 5 months after surgery. This type 2 diabetic living liver donor showed good control of the postoperative glucose level without exacerbation or diabetic complications.