Subzero nonfreezing cryopresevation of rat hearts using antifreeze protein I and antifreeze protein III.

Research paper by Gabriel G Amir, Liana L Horowitz, Boris B Rubinsky, Basheer Sheick BS Yousif, Jacob J Lavee, Aram K AK Smolinsky

Indexed on: 26 May '04Published on: 26 May '04Published in: Cryobiology


The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether AFPs protect the heart from freezing and improve survival and viability in subzero cryopreservation. Hearts were subject to 5 preservation protocols; University of Wisconsin solution (UW) at 4 degrees C, UW at -1.3 degrees C without nucleation, UW at -1.3 degrees C with nucleation, UW AFP I (15 mg/cm(3)) at -1.3 degrees C with nucleation, and in UW AFP III (15 mg/cm(3)) at -1.3 degrees C with nucleation. Hearts were preserved for 24, 28, and 32 h, rewarmed and connected to the working isolated perfusion system. Data [heart rate (HR), coronary flow (CF), and developed pressure (dP)] was collected 30 and 60 min after reperfusion. Hearts preserved at -1.3 degrees C without AFPs froze, while hearts preserved with AFP did not freeze when nucleation was initiated and survived. Survival and dP of hearts preserved for 24h at -1.3 degrees C using AFP III was better than those preserved at 4 degrees C, (dP; 1.4 vs. 0.8, p<0.05). Four of six hearts and six of six hearts died when preserved at 4 degrees C for 28 and 32 h, respectively, all of the hearts that were preserved at -1.3 degrees C with or without AFPs survived after 28 h (n=18) and 32 h (n=18). CF was higher in UW -1.3 degrees C group without attempted nucleation than in AFP I and AFP III groups after 28 and 32 h (3.4 vs. 1.7, p<0.05, and 3.4 vs. 1.7, p<0.05, respectively). In conclusion, AFPs were found to protect the heart from freezing and improve survival and dP (AFP III) in prolonged subzero preservation.