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Submental endotracheal intubation: a valuable resource for the management of panfacial fractures.

Research paper by Willian Morais WM de Melo, Marcus Antônio MA Brêda, Darklilson D Pereira-Santos, Cassiano Costa Silva CC Pereira, Celso Koogi CK Sonoda, Marcelo Marotta MM Araújo

Indexed on: 14 Nov '12Published on: 14 Nov '12Published in: The Journal of craniofacial surgery



Abstract

Modern techniques for surgical treatment of midfacial and panfacial fractures in maxillofacial trauma lead to special problems for airway management. Usually, in perioperative management of panfacial fractures, the surgeon needs to control the dental occlusion and nasal pyramid assessment. For these reasons, oral and nasal endotracheal intubations are contraindicated for the management of panfacial fractures. Tracheotomy is considered by many as the preferred route for airway management in patients with severe maxillofacial fractures, but there are often perioperative and postoperative complications concerning this technique. The submental route for endotracheal intubation has been proposed as an alternative to tracheotomy in the surgical management of patients with panfacial fractures, besides it is accompanied by low morbidity. Thus, this paper aimed to describe the submental endotracheal intubation technique in a patient experiencing panfacial fracture. The subject was well treated using the submental endotracheal intubation to get good reconstruction of the fractures because the authors obtained free access of all facial fractures.