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Submaximally Symmetric Almost Quaternionic Structures

Research paper by Boris Kruglikov, Henrik Winther, Lenka Zalabova

Indexed on: 07 Jul '16Published on: 07 Jul '16Published in: Mathematics - Differential Geometry



Abstract

The symmetry dimension of a geometric structure is the dimension of its symmetry algebra. We investigate symmetries of almost quaternionic structures of quaternionic dimension $n$. The maximal possible symmetry is realized by the quaternionic projective space $\mathbb{H}P^n$, which is flat and has the symmetry algebra $\mathfrak{sl}(n+1,\mathbb{H})$ of dimension $4n^2+8n+3$. For non-flat almost quaternionic manifolds we compute the next biggest (submaximal) symmetry dimension. We show that it is equal to $4n^2-4n+9$ for $n>1$ (it is equal to 8 for $n=1$). This is realized both by a quaternionic structure (torsion--free) and by an almost quaternionic structure with vanishing quaternionic Weyl curvature.