Subcellular distribution of Bcl-2 family proteins and 14-3-3 within the hippocampus during seizure-induced neuronal death in the rat.

Research paper by Clara K CK Schindler, Sachiko S Shinoda, Roger P RP Simon, David C DC Henshall

Indexed on: 24 Mar '04Published on: 24 Mar '04Published in: Neuroscience Letters


The molecular regulation of seizure-induced neuronal death may involve interactions between proteins of the Bcl-2 and 14-3-3 families. To further examine these pathways we performed subcellular fractionation on hippocampi obtained following a brief period of status epilepticus in the rat. Western blotting determined seizures induced caspase-8 cleavage and increased Bcl-w levels within the cytoplasm. Bax, Bad and Bid were largely present within the cytoplasm before and after seizures, although some Bax and, following seizures, truncated Bid was detected in mitochondria. Levels of 14-3-3 were significantly reduced in the cytoplasm and microsomal fractions. These data establish the expression and distribution profile of key Bcl-2 family proteins and the signaling chaperone 14-3-3 in the rat and provide additional evidence for the activation of programmed cell death pathways by seizures.