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Study of tin dioxide–sodium stannate composite obtained by decomposition of peroxostannate as a potential anode material for lithium-ion batteries

Research paper by A. A. Mikhaylov, A. G. Medvedev, T. A. Tripol’skaya, E. A. Mel’nik, I. V. Shabalova, P. V. Prikhodchenko, O. Lev

Indexed on: 15 Nov '16Published on: 15 Nov '16Published in: Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry



Abstract

A tin dioxide–sodium stannate composite has been obtained by the thermal treatment of sodium peroxostannate nanoparticles at 500°C in air. X-ray powder diffraction study has revealed that the composite includes crystalline phases of cassiterite SnO2, sodium stannate Na2Sn2O5, and sodium hexahydroxostannate Na2Sn(OH)6. Scanning electron microscopy has shown that material morphology does not change considerably as compared with the initial tin peroxo compound. Electrochemical characteristics have been compared for the anodes of lithium-ion batteries based on tin dioxide–sodium stannate composite and anodes based on a material manufactured by the thermal treatment of graphene oxide–tin dioxide–sodium stannate composite at 500°C in air.