Study of adrenergic, imidazoline, and endothelin receptors in clonidine-, morphine-, and oxycodone-induced changes in rat body temperature.

Research paper by Shaifali S Bhalla, Shridhar V SV Andurkar, Anil A Gulati

Indexed on: 11 Mar '11Published on: 11 Mar '11Published in: Pharmacology


The potentiation of morphine or oxycodone analgesia by endothelin-A (ET(A)) receptor antagonists and imidazoline/α(2)-adrenergic agonists is well documented. However, the effect of morphine or oxycodone in combination with an ET(A) receptor antagonist or an imidazoline/α(2) adrenergic agonist on body temperature is not known. The present study was carried out to study the role of ET(A) and imidazoline/α(2) adrenergic receptors in body temperature effects of morphine, oxycodone, and clonidine in rats.Body temperature was determined in male Sprague-Dawley rats treated with morphine, oxycodone, or clonidine. Yohimbine, idazoxan, and BMS182874 were used to determine the involvement of α(2)-adrenergic, imidazoline, and ET(A) receptors, respectively.Morphine and oxycodone produced hyperthermia which was not affected by α(2)-adrenergic antagonist yohimbine, imidazoline/α(2)-adrenergic antagonist idazoxan, or ET(A) receptor antagonist BMS182874. Clonidine alone produced hypothermia that was comparable to the hypothermia observed with clonidine plus morphine or oxycodone. The hypothermic effect of clonidine was blocked by idazoxan and yohimbine. The blockade by idazoxan was more pronounced compared to yohimbine. Clonidine hypothermia was not affected by BMS182874.This is the first report demonstrating that ET(A) receptors do not influence morphine- and oxycodone- induced hyperthermia or clonidine-induced hypothermia. Imidazoline receptors and α(2)-adrenergic receptors are involved in clonidine-induced hypothermia, but not in morphine- and oxycodone-induced hyperthermia.