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Studies on protective effect of DA-9601,Artemisia asiatica extract, on acetaminophen- and CCI4-induced liver damage in rats

Research paper by Byong Kweon Ryu, Byoung Ok Ahn, Tae Young Oh, Soon Hoe Kim, Won Bae Kim, Eun Bang Lee

Indexed on: 01 Oct '98Published on: 01 Oct '98Published in: Archives of Pharmacal Research



Abstract

The hepatoprotective effect of DA-9601, a quality-controlled extract ofArtemisia asiatica, on liver damage induced by acetaminophen (APAP) and carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) was investigated by means of serum-biochemical, hepatic-biochemical, and histopathological examinations. Doses of DA-9601 (10, 30, or 100mg/kg) were administered intragastrically to each rat on three consecutive days i.e. 48 h, 24 h and 2 h before a single administration of APAP (640 mg/kg, i.p.) or CCl4 (2 ml/kg, p.o.). Four h and 24 h after hepatotoxin treatment, the animals were sacrificed for evaluation of liver damage. Pretreatment of DA-9601 reduced the elevation of serum ALT, AST, LDH and histopathological changes such as centrilobular necrosis, vacuolar degeneration and inflammatory cell infiltration dose-dependently. DA-9601 also prevented APAP- and CCl4-induced hepatic glutathione (GSH) depletion and CCl4-induced increase of hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), a parameter of lipid peroxidation, in a dose-dependent manner. These findings suggest that pretreatment with DA-9601 may reduce chemically induced liver injury by complex mechanisms which involve prevention of lipid peroxidation and preservation of hepatic GSH.