Structure of the Newton tree at infinity of a polynomial in two variables

Research paper by Pierrette Cassou-Nogues, Daniel Daigle

Indexed on: 07 Sep '18Published on: 07 Sep '18Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry


Let $f:\mathbb{C}^2 \to \mathbb{C}$ be a polynomial map. Let $\mathbb{C}^2 \subset X$ be a compactification of $\mathbb{C}^2$ where $X$ is a smooth rational compact surface and such that there exists a morphism of varieties $\Phi :X\to \mathbb{P}^1$ which extends $f$. Put $\mathcal{D}=X\setminus \mathbb{C}^2$; $\mathcal{D}$ is a curve whose irreducible components are smooth rational compact curves and all its singularities are ordinary double points. The dual graph of $\mathcal{D}$ is a tree. We are interested in this tree, and we analyse its complexity in terms of the genus of the generic fiber of $f$.