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Structural and magnetic properties of zinc- and aluminum-substituted cobalt ferrite prepared by co-precipitation method

Research paper by S. T. Alone, K. M. Jadhav

Indexed on: 10 Feb '08Published on: 10 Feb '08Published in: Pramana



Abstract

Spinal ferrites having the general formula Co1 − xZnxFe2 − xAlxO4 (x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6) were prepared using the wet chemical co-operation technique. The samples were annealed at 800°C for 12 h and were studied by means of X-ray diffraction, magnetization and low field AC susceptibility measurements. The X-ray analysis showed that all the samples had single-phase cubic spinel structure. The variation of lattice constant with Zn and Al concentration deviates from Vegard’s law. The saturation magnetization σs and magneton number nB measured at 300 K using high field hysteresis loop technique decreases with increasing x, suggesting decrease in ferrimagnetic behaviour. Curie temperature TC deduced from AC susceptibility data decreases with x, suggesting a decrease in ferrimagnetic behaviour.