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Strong Enhancement of Near-Band-Edge Photoluminescence of ZnO Nanowires Decorated with Sputtered Metallic Nanoparticles

Research paper by Mohsen Purahmad, Michael A. Stroscio, Mitra Dutta

Indexed on: 25 Dec '13Published on: 25 Dec '13Published in: Journal of Electronic Materials



Abstract

The effect of the Ar plasma during metal deposition on the photoluminescence (PL) of metal-coated ZnO nanowires (NWs) has been investigated. Strong enhancement of near-band-edge emission (NBE) is observed for ZnO NWs coated with Al and Ni nanoparticles (NPs) by radiofrequency magnetron sputtering, while the samples coated with NPs by e-beam evaporation show quenching of the PL intensity. A model is proposed that satisfies the observed experimental results and assigns the strong enhancement of the NBE PL of ZnO NWs to excitons bound to structural defects in the surface layer of the ZnO NWs.