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Stress urinary incontinence: a review of treatment options.

Research paper by Deaun A DA Carpenter, Constance C Visovsky

Indexed on: 07 Apr '10Published on: 07 Apr '10Published in: AORN Journal



Abstract

Stress urinary incontinence occurs when the support structures of the pelvic floor and the urinary system are stretched, damaged, or defective. This condition is common in women of all ages, and billions of dollars are spent each year to correct the condition and improve quality of life. This article reviews three current treatments for stress urinary incontinence: the Burch colposuspension procedure, urethral slings, and radiofrequency treatments. In one study, researchers reported that patient satisfaction rates were higher for the Burch procedure than for urethral sling procedures. Other researchers found that urethral sling procedures had high rates of success but that adverse events were more common. Adverse events for both types of procedures include voiding difficulties, postoperative urge incontinence, and urinary tract infections. Radiofrequency interventions can improve the quality of life for many patients and can provide a short-term intervention for many patients who later may require a more-invasive surgical procedure.