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Strain and stress variations in the human amniotic membrane and fresh corpse autologous sciatic nerve anastomosis in a model of sciatic nerve injury.

Research paper by Chuangang C Peng, Qiao Q Zhang, Qi Q Yang, Qingsan Q Zhu

Indexed on: 15 Aug '12Published on: 15 Aug '12Published in: Neural regeneration research



Abstract

A 10-mm long sciatic nerve injury model was established in fresh normal Chinese patient cadavers. Amniotic membrane was harvested from healthy maternal placentas and was prepared into multilayered, coiled, tubular specimens. Sciatic nerve injury models were respectively anastomosed using the autologous cadaveric sciatic nerve and human amniotic membrane. Tensile test results showed that maximal loading, maximal displacement, maximal stress, and maximal strain of sciatic nerve injury models anastomosed with human amniotic membrane were greater than those in the autologous nerve anastomosis group. The strain-stress curves of the human amniotic membrane and sciatic nerves indicated exponential change at the first phase, which became elastic deformation curves at the second and third phases, and displayed plastic deformation curves at the fourth phase, at which point the specimens lost their bearing capacity. Experimental findings suggested that human amniotic membranes and autologous sciatic nerves exhibit similar stress-strain curves, good elastic properties, and certain strain and stress capabilities in anastomosis of the injured sciatic nerve.