Stirred tank culture of Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 for production of the mosquitocidal δ-endotoxin: mathematical modelling and scaling-up studies

Research paper by A. Abdel-Hameed

Indexed on: 01 Dec '01Published on: 01 Dec '01Published in: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology


The effect of culture conditions on δ-endotoxin production by strain S128 of Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 (locally isolated in Egypt) was investigated using a 10l working volume fermenter. Fermentation medium formulated from the inexpensive locally available soya (as a nitrogen source) and molasses (as a carbon source) was used. Aeration, agitation, pH and initial concentration of molasses were chosen as experimental factors and their influence on toxin yield was investigated using 24 central composite experimental design. The mathematical model obtained revealed that the optimal batch cultivation conditions with respect to agitation, pH, and initial concentration of molasses were 325 rev min−1, 7.1 and 2.1% (w/v) respectively. The mathematical model obtained indicated that by increasing the aeration rate over 0.89 v/v per minute the productivity could still be increased. A simulated scaling-up study, in which the Simplex method was applied, is also presented. The results of this investigation could be of great help for large-scale production of a cheap mosquito-larvicide in developing countries where mosquito-borne diseases are still a serious health and economic problem.